Causes of encephalopathy
There are many causes of encephalopathy. The most common are the following:
- Head and spinal injuries.
- Poisoning by alcohol or drugs.
- Chemical and heavy metal poisoning.
- Atherosclerosis and other diseases of the cardiovascular system, leading to hypoxia (oxygen starvation).
- Severe damage to the liver and kidneys.
- Brain tumors.
- Infections: HIV, hepatitis C, hepatitis B and others.
- Metabolic disorders.
Encephalopathy occurs at any age, including in newborns. In this case, the cause of brain damage most often become pathologies of pregnancy or difficult delivery.
Symptoms of encephalopathy
Symptoms of encephalopathy directly depends on the rate of development of the pathology. So with a slow progression of the brain damage, the only manifestation of the disease will be a mental disorder. Most often, the changes are noticeable to relatives, who note such signs:
- Narrowing the range of interests.
- Uncritical judgments.
- Reducing vocabulary, while a person can be verbose, repeat the same thing several times.
- Difficulties with the formulation of thoughts.
Over time, a person begins to complain of headaches, tinnitus, dizziness, noticeable problems with memory, poor coordination of movements (clumsiness), insomnia. Against the background of pathology often develops depression, suicidal thoughts appear. With severe brain damage, tremor, convulsions, myalgia appears.
Diagnosis of encephalopathy
In the early stages of encephalopathy, the patient often does not notice any irregularities, and therefore does not complain to the doctor. This may make diagnosis difficult. To identify brain damage, the neurologist suggests passing texts on cognitive impairment, as well as coordination tests. From hardware research in this regard, the most indicative is rheoencephalography (REG).
It is important to determine the cause of encephalopathy, since the tactics of further treatment depend on this. The patient can be directed, in particular, to the following diagnosis:
- Blood tests for infections (primarily HIV and hepatitis).
- Biochemical blood test (detection of intoxication, pathologies of the kidneys, liver).
- CT and MRI of the brain (detection of tumors, anatomical abnormalities).
With encephalopathy, the attending physician individually selects a list of diagnostic examinations for each patient.
The doctors of the “Mediol” clinic approach the treatment of diseases in a complex way. In the case of encephalopathy, this is important, since this is how you can achieve the best results. Patients undergo a full examination, after which the doctor individually selects a treatment program, which includes:
- Treatment of the underlying disease.
- Drug therapy to improve brain function.
- Manual therapy
- Lifestyle correction to prevent complications.